kidneys filter wastes from your blood and regulate other functions of your body. When your kidneys fail, you need treatment to replace the work your kidneys normally perform.
Kidney failure, the kidneys lose their ability to filter enough waste products from the blood and to regulate the body’s balance of salt and water. Eventually, the kidneys slow their production of urine, or stop producing it completely. Waste products and water accumulate in the body.This can lead to potentially life-threatening complications. Excess fluid can accumulate in the lungs and extreme changes in blood chemistry can affect the function of the heart and brain. There are three general categories of kidney failure (also called renal failure).
What Is Kidney Failure
Your kidneys are pair of organs located toward your lower back. One kidney is on each side of your spine. They filter your blood and remove toxins from your body. Your kidneys send toxins to your bladder. Your body later removes toxins during urination.Kidney failure occurs when your kidneys lose the ability to filter waste from your blood sufficiently. Many factors can interfere with your kidney health and function.
Symptoms of Kidney Failure
Your child may not show any symptoms of a problem with the kidneys until they are not doing their job and fail to remove waste. When the kidneys aren’t working well, symptoms are varied and may be the same as many other conditions. These symptoms include:
- Urinating more often or less often
- Feeling very tired
- Losing appetite
- Getting sick to the stomach or vomiting
- Have swelling in hands or feet
- Feeling itchy or numb
- Having darkened skin
- Having muscle cramps
Causes of Kidney Failure
Generally speaking, people are at an increased risk of kidney failure if they have diabetes, high blood pressure (hypertension), a family history of kidney disease, or are of older age. Additionally, people with complications like anemia, diabetes or heart disease, might develop symptoms sooner than patients without these other conditions. The most common causes of kidney failure include:
- High blood pressure
- Chronic inflammation in the kidney (glomerulonephritis)
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Recurrent infections
- Chronic obstruction – blockage of the flow of urine
- Traumatic injury
Kidney Failure treatments
Treatments for kidney failure are dialysis or kidney transplant. Your child’s doctors will talk with you about which treatment may be best for your child, based on their health and condition. Children with sudden (acute) kidney failure sometimes need dialysis treatments until their kidneys begin to work again. Children with ongoing (chronic) kidney failure need dialysis or a kidney transplant.
- kidney transplant, in which a diseased kidney is replaced by a healthy one from a donor.
- dialysis, which uses a machine (haemodialysis) or other parts of the body (abdominal dialysis) to remove waste and extra fluid from your blood.
- supportive care, which means providing all health care and support possible, but not attempting to cure the kidney failure. In this case the person with kidney failure will eventually die.